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Doctrinal Distinctives of the 1689 London Baptist Confession of Faith

Doctrinal Distinctive Opposing Error Chapt.Para Major Scriptural Support
1. Christian (Orthodox) Damning Heretical Doctrines
1.1 re: Scripture Liberal; Neo-Orthodox Ch. 1 1Jn 4:6
1.2 re: God Jehovah Witness Ch. 2 1Jn 5:12; 2Jn 7-11
1.3 re: Creation & Providence Evolution, Chance Ch. 4, 5, 6 Ac 17:30-31
1.4 re: Christ Liberal; Neo-Orthodox
Jehovah Witness
Ch. 8 Ro 10:9-10
1.5 re: The Gospel Roman Catholic Ch. 11 Gal 1:6-10
1.6 re: The Christian Life Easy Believism Ch. 11.2, 13 1Co 6:9-10
1.7 re: The World to Come Universalism
Annihilationism
Ch. 31, 32 2Ti 2:16-18; Re 22:19; 20:15; 14:9-11
2. Covenantal Dispensational Ch. 7 Ac 4:12; Jer 31:31-34; 1Co 11:25; Ro 9:6; Gal 3:29; Php 3:3
3. Calvinistic
(Following the cannons of the Synod of Dort)
Arminian (Hypercalvinist)    
3.1 The Planning of Salvation:
Unconditional Election
Foreseen Merit Ch. 3 Mt 11:20-28; Eph 1:4-5
3.2 The Accomplishment of Salvation:
Definite Atonement
Universal Atonement Ch. 8.5; 8.8 Ro 8:32
3.3 Conversion
3.3.1 Total Inability (Depravity) Prevenient Grace Ch. 9 (Ch. 6) Ro 8:7-8; Jer 13:23; Jn 6:44
3.3.2 The Free Offer of the Gospel Hypercalvinism Ch. 7.2, Ch. 20.3 Mt 28-30; 28:19; Jn 5:34
3.3.3 Irresistible Grace Decisionism Ch 10, Ch. 20.4 Ro 9:14-16
3.4 The Christian Life:
Perseverance of the Saints
Falling from Grace Ch. 17 Php 1:6
4. Puritan
4.1 Liberty of Conscience Legalism; Traditionalism; Catholicism; Anglicanism Ch. 21 Ro 14:4; Mt 15:9
4.2 God-honoring Worship   Ch. 22; 23  
4.2.1 The Regulative Principle Anglicanism; Sovereign Grace; Charismatic Ch. 22.1 De 12:32
4.2.2 God’s Designated Day:
The Christian Sabbath
Libertarian, Sovereign Grace Ch. 22.7, 22.8 Ex 20:8; 1Co 16:1-2; Is 58:13
4.3 The Priority of Experimental Religion:
Scrupulous piety and devotion
Theonomy; Formalism; Health-Wealth; Charismatic; Sovereign Grace Ch. 1020  
4.3.1 Careful Consideration of the Blessings of Experimental Religion   Ch. 1013 Calling, Justification, Adoption, Sanctification
4.3.2 Diligent Cultivation of the Graces of Experimental Religion   Ch. 1418 Faith, Repentance, Good Works, Perseverance, Assurance
4.3.3 Conscientious Compliance with the Obligations of Experimental Religion:
Evangelical Obedience to God’s Law and Gospel
  Ch. 1920 Ro 2:14-15; 3:19-20, 31; 7:7-12, 25; 8:4, 7; 13:8-10; Ro 1:15-17; 2:16
4.4 The Propriety of Civic Duty Anabaptists, Pietism Ch. 24 Lk 3:14
4.5 The Propriety and Purity of Christian Marriage Romanists, Asceticism Ch. 25 Heb 13:4; 1Ti 4:3
5. Independent and Baptistic
5.1 re: separation of Church & State Erastianism; established religion Ch. 24 (deletion of WC paragraph) Col 1:18; 1Co 12:27-28; Ac 16:4; 1Co 6:1
5.2 re: Universal Church Principles Landmarkism; Roman Catholicism Ch. 26.14 Heb 12:23; Eph 3:21; Gal 1:13, 22
5.3 re: Local Church Polity
(Adapted from the Savoy Platform of Polity)
  Ch. 26.515  
5.3.1 Regenerate Local Church Membership Paedobaptism; formalism Ch. 26.2, 26.6
(SP 8)
Ac 2:41-42; 5:13-14; 2Co 6:14-18
5.3.2 Mandatory and Autonomous Local Church Formation Denominationalism; Synodical government Ch. 26.5, 26.7
(SP 2, 3, 4)
Mt 18:15-20; 28:20; Ac 14:21-23
5.3.3 Presbyterial Local Church Government Episcopal; Congregational Ch. 26.811
(SP 7, 9, 11, 13)
Ac 14:21-23; 20:17,28; Php 1:1; Tit 1:5
5.3.4 The Necessity of Local Church Discipline Pragmatism, crass individualism Ch. 26.1213
(SP 20, 21)
Mt 18:15-17; Ro 16:17-20; 1Co 5:1-11; 2Th 3:6, 14-15; Tit 3:10-11
5.3.5 The Propriety and Benefit of Local Church Associations Landmarkism Ch. 26.1415
(SP 25, 26)
2Co 8:18-19, 23
5.4 re: Broader Church Fellowship and Benevolence Social gospel; Parachurch movements Ch. 27 1Co 12:14-27; Ac 11:29-30
5.5 re: Sacraments Ch. 2830
5.5.1 Believer Only Baptism Paedobaptism Ac 2:41; 8:12; 10:47-48; 18:8; Col 2:11-12
5.5.2 Believer Only Communion The Mass Heb 9:25-26, 28; 1Co 11:24

This table was prepared by Pastor Greg Nichols, Grand Rapids Reformed Baptist Church. Used by permission.

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