Works by Anonymous
- 1677/89 London Baptist Confession of Faith
Description: After the British Parliament passed the Toleration Act of 1698, which enabled religious freedom and plurality throughout the land, churches independent from the Church of England began publishing their doctrinal statements openly. The Baptist Confession of Faith, drafted in 1677, outlines the views of the Particular Baptists, a Baptist subgroup characterized by a Calvinist theology of salvation. The Confession helped the Particular Baptists to unify and expand their church, especially in colonial America. Calvinistic Baptists, including many Sovereign Grace Baptist, Southern Baptist, and Reformed Baptist congregations, remain some of the most influential Christian communities in the United States to this day.
- An Elegy Upon the late Learned and Laborious Servant of Christ,
Description: John Owen was a famed Puritan theologian, who died on August 24, 1683. This work here is merely an elegy and epitaph of John Owen.
CCEL Staff Writer
- Apostles' Creed
- Athanasian Creed
- Book of Jasher Referred to in Joshua and Second Samuel
Description: The original Book of Jasher referred to in the Old Testament has not survived into the present. Two creative fabrications gained prominence, however. This 1840 translation is of a 13th century reconstruction of the original, which, according to tradition, contained alternate accounts of Jewish heroes meant for moral instruction and edification. First published in Salt Lake City, the work has consequently sparked the particular interest of the Church of Latter-Day Saints.
CCEL Staff Writer
- Christian Classics Ethereal Library in Albanian [Albanian]
- Christian Classics Ethereal Library in Chinese [Chinese]
- Church Order of the Netherlands Reformed Churches
- Confutatio Pontificia
Description: In June of 1530, the leaders of the Protestant Reformation and the principalities of the Holy Roman Empire gathered in Augsburg to discuss religious convictions in an attempt by the Emperor, Charles V, to restore religious and political unity. This, however, was not achieved. The reformers presented what is now titled The Augsburg Confession, setting out their beliefs. Charles issued an official response to be written, refuting that which the Vatican did not uphold to be true. This document was the Confutatio Pontificia, primarily written by the theologian Johann Eck. Its composition brought about a response by the reformers called The Apology of the Augsburg Confession; this, along with the Confession itself, have become two of the primary documents of the Lutheran faith. The Confutatio is thus an important read for two reasons: it outlines much of the Roman Catholic faith, and gives us a clearer understanding of the Protestant Reformation and Lutheran Theology.
Laura de Jong
CCEL Staff Writer
- Daily Light on the Daily Path
Description: A compilation of devotional Scripture readings for morning and evening, arranged by themes, for every day of the year. Samuel Bagster is credited with writing and compiling most of the meditations, and his son published the book.
- General Menaion or the Book of Services Common to the Festivals of our Lord Jesus of the Holy Virgin and of Different Orders of Saints
Description: In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the “General Menaion” refers to the annual fixed cycle of liturgical services, including festival days and days commemorating the Orthodox saints. This edition of the Russian Orthodox Menaion is a translation from the sixteenth edition of the 1862 Slavonian General Menaion. This prayer book can serve as an introduction to the services of the Eastern Orthodox Church as well as a catalogue of venerated persons within the Church.
- Hebrew Old Testament -- Masoretic Text [Hebrew]
- Heidelberg Catechism
Description: With their movement rapidly gaining power, Protestant reformers knew they had to ensure that their followers could hold their ground in a volatile religious environment. In the mid-16th century, a German lord sympathetic to the movement commissioned the composition of a new Protestant Catechism for his territory. The resulting text—the Heidelberg Catechism—has served as a foundational document in Reformed Christianity ever since. In its current revised form, the Catechism consists of 129 questions and answers that fall under three main categories: the misery of man, the redemption of man, and the gratitude due from man.
- Holy Bible (Septuagint-English)
- Hymnal [of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the USA]
Description: Authorized by the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America
- John Flavel, Life [from Institute of Practical Bible Education]
Description: A short Life of John Flavel
- Little Treasure of Prayers
A translation of the epitome from the German larger “Treasure of Prayers” [“Gebets-Schatz”] of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, published in St. Louis, Mo.; with a new appendix of festival prayers and hymns.
- Liturgy of the Netherlands Reformed Churches
- Lutheran Hymnal
- Martyrs of the Catacombs: A Tale of Ancient Rome [from Mt. Zion Online]
- Nicene Creed
- One-Year Bible Reading Calendar
- Orthodox Daily Prayers
Description: Many Western Christians, especially those dwelling in the Western Hemisphere, do not often come into contact with their Eastern Christian brothers and sisters. St. Thikon’s Seminary Press here offers the most basic daily prayers of the Orthodox Church to English speakers. The text comes from the Russian Orthodox Church specifically, and because the texts from other Orthodox traditions vary only little, the Russian prayers can faithfully represent the whole. The translators render the text in contemporary English, and use the Revised Standard Version of the Bible for all scriptural references. Orthodox Daily Prayers connects readers and worshipers with the millions of Orthodox Christians and their diverse times and cultures.
- Orthodox Russian-Language Classics [Russian]
- Other Russian-Language Classics [Russian]
- Poor Joseph [from Mount Zion Publications]
- Scottish Confession of Faith (1560)
Description: The Scottish Confession of Faith, or the “Scots Confession,” appeared during the Protestant Reformation in, of course, Scotland. Its group of six authors—all of whom happened to share the first name “John”—included John Knox, one of Calvinism’s most influential leaders. The Confession’s twenty-five chapters detail the Christian faith as understood by contemporary followers of John Calvin. The Scottish Confession remained the official Confession of the Church of Scotland until the Westminster Confession replaced it in 1648.
- Scottish Psalter and Paraphrases
Description: This contains the Scottish Psalter and Scripture Paraphrases, the primary hymnal of the Church of Scotland up through the 19th century.
- Second Helvetic Confession
- Synod of Dort
- Theologia Germanica
Description: Although the author of this work is unknown, it was discovered and published by Martin Luther in 1516. Upon his discovery, Luther declared, "Next to the Bible and St. Augustine, no book has ever come into my hands from which I have learnt more of God and Christ, and man and all things that are." This book encourages Christians to follow the path of Christ, abandoning the life of selfishness, sin, and licentiousness. When we allow the divine light of God to infiltrate our daily activities, God is able to guide our wills with His perfect will. Theologia Germanica was written from within the Catholic tradition, but the author's insightful spiritual advice speaks to Christians of all denominations. Indeed, this illuminating work of Christian mysticism will aid those who earnestly seek to live a righteous life.
CCEL Staff Writer
- Thomas Boston [from The Institute of Practical Bible Education]
Description: This very concise article briefly details the life, ministry, and writings of the 18th century Scottish theologian, Thomas Boston.
- Westminster Confession of Faith
Description: In 1643, one hundred and twenty-one Puritan clergymen met in Westminster Abbey for the purpose of drafting official documents that would serve to reform the Church of England. The Westminster Confession of Faith, an extended, systematic summary of Reformed doctrine, was one of these documents. The Confession still serves as one of the standard texts of the Church of Scotland, and it remains influential within Presbyterian churches across the world. This version of the Westminster Confession of Faith is that currently adopted by the Presbyterian Church in the United States (PCUS) and the United Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (UPCUSA).
- Westminster Larger Catechism
Description: The Westminster Larger Catechism summarizes Calvinist doctrine in the English tradition. Whereas the Westminster Shorter Catechism was meant to be easier to read and concise for beginners, the Larger Catechism is more exact and comprehensive. It still serves as one of the standard texts of the Church of Scotland, and it remains influential within Presbyterian churches across the world. Since its first publication, it has undergone various amendments and adaptations.
- Westminster Shorter Catechism