Exodus Chapter 30
The altar of incense: money to be gathered for the use of the tabernacle: the brazen laver: the holy oil of unction, and the composition of the perfume.
30:1. Thou shalt make also an altar to burn incense, of setim wood.
An altar to burn incense. . .This burning of incense was an emblem of prayer, ascending to God from an inflamed heart. See Ps. 140.2; Apoc. 5.8, and 8.4.
30:2. It shall be a cubit in length, and another in breadth, that is, four square, and two in height. Horns shall go out of the same.
30:3. And thou shalt overlay it with the purest gold, as well the grate thereof, as the walls round about, and the horns. And thou shalt make to it a crown of gold round about,
30:4. And two golden rings under the crown on either side, that the bars may be put into them, and the altar be carried.
30:5. And thou shalt make the bars also of setim wood, and shalt overlay them with gold.
30:6. And thou shalt set the altar over against the veil, that hangeth before the ark of the testimony before the propitiatory wherewith the testimony is covered, where I will speak to thee.
30:7. And Aaron shall burn sweet smelling incense upon it in the morning. When he shall dress the lamps, he shall burn it:
30:8. And when he shall place them in the evening, he shall burn an everlasting incense before the Lord throughout your generations.
30:9. You shall not offer upon it incense of another composition, nor oblation, and victim, neither shall you offer libations.
30:10. And Aaron shall pray upon the horns thereof once a year, with the blood of that which was offered for sin; and shall make atonement upon it in your generations. It shall be most holy to the Lord.
30:11. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
30:12. When thou shalt take the sum of the children of Israel, according to their number, every one of them shall give a price for their souls to the Lord, and there shall be no scourge among them, when they shall be reckoned.
30:13. And this shall every one give that passeth at the naming, half a sicle according to the standard of the temple. A sicle hath twenty obols. Half a sicle shall be offered to the Lord.
Half a sicle. . .A sicle or shekel of silver, (which was also called a stater,) according to the standard or weight of the sanctuary, which was the most just and exact, was half an ounce of silver, that is, about half a crown of English money. The obol, or gerah, was about three halfpence.
30:14. He that is counted in the number from twenty years and upwards, shall give the price.
30:15. The rich man shall not add to half a sicle, and the poor man shall diminish nothing.
30:16. And the money received, which was contributed by the children of Israel, thou shalt deliver unto the uses of the tabernacle of the testimony, that it may be a memorial of them before the Lord, and he may be merciful to their souls.
30:17. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
30:18. Thou shalt make also a brazen laver with its foot to wash in: and thou shalt set it between the tabernacle of the testimony and the altar. And water being put into it:
30:19. Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and feet in it:
30:20. When they are going into the tabernacle of the testimony, and when they are to come to the altar, to offer on it incense to the Lord,
30:21. Lest perhaps they die. It shall be an everlasting law to him, and to his seed by successions.
30:22. And the Lord spoke to Moses,
30:23. Saying: Take spices, of principal and chosen myrrh five hundred sicles, and of cinnamon half so much; that is, two hundred and fifty sicles, of calamus in like manner two hundred and fifty,
30:24. And of cassia five hundred sicles by the weight of the sanctuary, of oil of olives the measure hin:
30:25. And thou shalt make the holy oil of unction, an ointment compounded after the art of the perfumer,
30:26. And therewith thou shalt anoint the tabernacle of the testimony, and the ark of the testament,
30:27. And the table with the vessels thereof, the candlestick and furniture thereof, the altars of incense,
30:28. And of holocaust, and all the furniture that belongeth to the service of them.
30:29. And thou shalt sanctify all, and they shall be most holy: he that shall touch them shall be sanctified.
30:30. Thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and shalt sanctify them, that they may do the office of priesthood unto me.
30:31. And thou shalt say to the children of Israel: This oil of unction shall be holy unto me throughout your generations.
30:32. The flesh of man shall not be anointed therewith, and you shall make none other of the same composition, because it is sanctified, and shall be holy unto you.
30:33. What man soever shall compound such, and shall give thereof to a stranger, he shall be cut off from his people.
30:34. And the Lord said to Moses: Take unto thee spices, stacte, and onycha, galbanum of sweet savour, and the clearest frankincense, all shall be of equal weight.
30:35. And thou shalt make incense compounded by the work of the perfumer, well tempered together, and pure, and most worthy of sanctification.
30:36. And when thou hast beaten all into very small powder, thou shalt set of it before the tabernacle of the testimony, in the place where I will appear to thee. Most holy shall this incense be unto you.
30:37. You shall not make such a composition for your own uses, because it is holy to the Lord.
30:38. What man soever shall make the like, to enjoy the smell thereof, he shall perish out of his people.